Monday, March 9, 2009

Superluminal Field Details, Part II

The aliens figure you probably thought of this idea already. But implementation without their help is impossible. So here is the big secret to interstellar travel. There is an FTL highway system that you don’t know exists. The gateways are hidden inside our sun and around the suns of other rim world systems. There are also intergalactic highway systems that are built within the dark matter distribution network. There are alien races that have been traveling among the stars since before life sprang up on the earth.

You’re superluminal ellipsoid shield will have to be operating properly to avoid being incinerated when you enter the sun’s corona. You will also have to be traveling at about .05c. When passing into the sun’s corona, some travelers open up a narrow band of visible light to watch the sun as they approach. This joke is old now; but usually, if you have FTL newbie’s along, they will be watching nervously as they rapidly approach the sun. Someone is supposed to scream, “Oh, crap! The computer crashed!!!” or “Why isn’t this stupid shell working!!!” After billions of years of FTL travel, somehow, the joke is still funny.

But it won’t be funny for long if you don’t know the password. When you enter the sun’s corona (or where ever they put the gate), you have to find it and then transmit a password into the superluminal shell. The effect of the intense heat acts like noise at the Planck scale. When you do this correctly, you enter the gate area and emit the password, all while traveling at 15,000 Km/sec along a zone of about 2 km in length. That gives you about 133 milliseconds to either open the gate and enter hyperspace, or get the hell out of there before your ellipsoid shell starts to act funny. You hope that the gate orientation provides a path tangent along the sun’s surface. Sometimes, the gate will rotate, and the exiting end is facing the sun’s core. You have to report this to the Gate Keepers so they can fix it. But if you don’t have the right password and the gate’s exit is oriented towards the sun’s core, here’s what happens.

High thermal energy causes lots of noise on the elliptical shell which can randomize some of the quantum bits, effectively smearing out some of their signalling to the adjacent space-time. This causes the superluminal space-time thickness to narrow to zero. Then, if you haven’t gotten out of the sun by then, you have a choice. The sun’s diameter is 1.4 million kilometers. If you can quickly reconfigure the shell to convert thermal energy into velocity, the temperature is only 6000K at the surface. Towards the center, it’s about a million degrees. Wait a minute, why would they put a jump gate inside of the sun? The greys are looking at each other and saying something about it being a bad neighborhood. I’m not sure I get what they’re saying. One of them just said they call it the Ronald Reagan Solar Gate (

The aliens are saying that someday, when humanity evolves out of its barbaric, hateful and paranoid disposition, the Gate Keepers will consider changing the solar gate’s name and moving it into an orbit around the sun. They also express great confidence that this will happen before the sun uses up all of its hydrogen fuel and expands into a Red Giant in about 5 billion years ( That gives us plenty of time to practice being nice to each other.

Saturday, March 7, 2009

Superluminal Field Details, Part I

The superluminal field generator creates a very thin ellipsoidal shell around the space craft. From afar, the shell can glow in various soft colors, which are remarkable to view; other times, the ship will seem to vanish entirely. But the physics that is occurring on the surface of the shell is truly astonishing. The shell acts like a modulated quantum bit hologram that tells the external physical universe that it doesn’t exist. The computer is transmitting information, data bits, that are modulated into quantum bits; these quantum bits are potential energies that vary in time all over the surface of the ellipse; and have a resolution of a Fermi area; if you understand what this means, your jaw will drop. The quantum bits are also updated very quickly, as often as every millionth of a picosecond. These potential energies are disrupting the emergent space time.

Space-time is an emergent property of Schwarzschild spheres that are stacked in 8 dimensional energy-space (which is not any kind of a space-time). The radius of a Schwarzschild sphere is about a Planck length or 10-35 m. In Solid State physics, which describes crystals and metals, there are conduction bands along which electrons and phonons can flow in their own 3 space. These conduction bands are an emergent property of crystals and metals the way space time is an emergent property of stacked Schwarzschild spheres. These spheres themselves contribute to the particle-antiparticle formation and annihilation. In a way, it’s like our universe is a NaCl or GaAs crystal. The Greys (the aliens) mumbled something about universe clusters of different kinds of spheres, but they won’t explain.

Anyway, the changing potential energies at the surface of the ellipse can disrupt the normal behavior of the Schwarzschild spheres ( Then, two things happen. First, space-time is caused to not exist ( Then, on another layer, the Schwarzschild spheres are forced to exibit superluminal behavior in the following ways. First, the potential energy threshold for particle/antiparticle creation is raised to unreachable levels (particle creation becomes impossible). Second, the speed of light between two sliding surfaces beomes infinite or at least a very high multiple of c. Third, the photons between the two sliding superluminal surfaces undergo a bosonic transformation. Photons, which normally regulate electromagnetism, are forced to behave as translational ballbearings within the superluminal sliding sheets. Consequently, Maxwell’s equations breakdown. The Greys refer to these photons as cyclonic photons because they act like tornado fields of angular momentum. When the elipsoidal shell is stable, and the starship is ready to travel, massive amounts of kinetic energy are dumped into the superluminal field. This energy manifests as increaing rotation of the cyclonic photons. This cyclonic rotation gives your craft a velocity (in the right direction if you did it right) that is independent of the mass enclosed by the superluminal field.

When energy is put into the superluminal field (ellipsoidal shell), the angular momentums are modulated into the field, it starts to push against the regular undamped space-time (say goodbye to half your energy lost as cosmic rays). Since the velocity of light is no longer a constant across this inertial reference frame, like it normally is, then relativity doesn’t operate here. Action/reaction forces still do. The superluminal shell imparts momentum into the undamped space-time; which, in turn, kicks back equal and opposite momentum. But the reaction momentum is going into the superluminal space-time region. KE = ½ mv2 but relativity is inoperative. If your space ship weight 2000 metric tons and you need to cross a light year in one day; then,

  • your superluminal velocity is v = c*(365 days/1 day) = 365c = 1.1x1011 m/s.
  • Your kinetic energy KE = ½ mv2 = ½ (2x106Kg)(1.1x1011 m/s)2 = 1.21x1028 Joules.
  • If you want to reach this speed quickly, within ten minutes, then your power consumption is (1.21x1028 Joules / 600 seconds) = 2x1025 watts or 2x1016 gigawatts.
  • Your acceleration is equal to the change in velocity versus change in time which equals (365c/600 seconds) = 1.8x108 m/s2 = 18 million times the acceleration of gravity (potentially causing uncomfortable whiplash).

Congratulations!!! You’re a black hole tidal wave moving very quickly through hyperspace. So, you’re wondering why 18 million g’s doesn’t crush your starship. It’s because these extreme tidal forces are only occurring inside the thickness of the superluminal shell. With respect to the shell, the spaceship and its field generator are at rest. I’m sure your wondering what happens if you hit something like a meteorite or a planet. Well remember, the superluminal shell is preventing regular space-time from manifesting. You effectively pass through objects external to the shell. You are literally travelling in hyperspace.

If we treat the ellipse like a sphere of Radius R = 50 meters and a thickness of 1 meter, then the volume of the shell is 4/3πR3 – 4/3 π(R-1)3 = 31x103 m3 = 31x109 cm3.
· The energy density of the superluminal shell is 1.21x1028 Joules/31x109 cm3 = 3x1017 Joules/cc.
· When you reach your destination (yes, I know how to stop!), you pull energy out of the superluminal field and, in turn, decelerate down to subluminal speeds. When you are down to about 0.00001c (3km/second), you can power down the shell.

You might be wondering what happens if there is a malfunction in the superluminal shell generator that causes it to power down while you’re in hyperspace; or, your computer system crashes and the information flow stops. Well, it won’t be like on Star Trek where you just drop out of warp and float around. The shell will start to decay and regular space-time will notice that something, with mass, is moving 365 times the speed of light. There will be a very big explosion. You will go off like a nuclear warhead with several million megatons of energy. Your explosion will be so big, that space-time will be ripped and damaged for months. The light from your explosion will be visible to the naked eye several light years away (which might explain why you didn’t show up for dinner 3 years ago).

You may have noticed that your energy needs are insanely high; (½ mv2)/(mc2) = ½ (365c/c)2 equals about 67 thousand times your mass worth of anti-matter. Not even the greys have that kind of energy. There is another way.

Thursday, March 5, 2009

Faster than Light (FTL) Technology

Throughout the outer rim of the Milky Way galaxy, there are inhabited planets called rim worlds. Some rim worlds have civilizations with advanced spacefaring capability and others do not. But because of the great difficulty of crossing these vast distances superluminally, in terms of resources and applied technology, these civilizations prefer to cooperate with one another. They speak of stories of hostile civilizations that would attempt interstellar war, but would quickly collapse under the extreme financial burden of militaristic upkeep. Other civilizations, having lost trust in that world’s leaders, would withdraw their cooperation. Given the extreme energy requirements of superluminal transportation, these hostile civilizations would turn upon themselves, often ending in bloodshed, high energy yield war or a planetary destruction event. But once trust is lost, it literally takes thousands of years and many civilization/dark age cycles before trust can be earned again.

The advanced spacefaring rim worlds send forth their starships for trade, exploration, and social interaction. Social interaction is a high priority and is part of their culture. As it turns out, immortality has been achieved by some. It is with pride that immortals say they have known somebody for an aeon or more. A few of these immortals become technical giants in the field of spacefaring technology. With help and cooperation from others, they will build huge space stations that are flying saucer factories (or whatever appearance pleases you). It is in these star or black hole orbiting places that the laws of hyper-dimensional physics are pushed to their limits. The motto of one facility is: All the power of the universe stuffed into a very small space that won’t eat you. In their language, it sounds more terse and poetic.

One of the challenges of building UFOs (starships/fly saucers/spaceship) is getting around the default laws of physics that restrict travel to subluminal (slower than light) speeds. To visit your friend on the other side of the galaxy, you don’t want to have to wait in a starship traveling at .9c to cross a hundred thousand light years. Even for immortals, that is impractical. But even if you could change the speed of light, you don’t want to mess around with the delicate balance of physics in your physical body. If you change the speed of light inside of your body, your particles will change and you will very likely disintegrate. Nobody has ever admitted to making that mistake. So the technical strategy is to extend a field safely around your ship, inside of which, the laws of physics are normal; outside of field, the laws of physics are normal, but at the boundary, lots of interesting stuff happens.

The aliens continue to stand over me while I study the physics of Superstrings and M-theory. I’ll explain in more detail later, but this is what I understand so far. Inside of the spacecraft is a superluminal space-time warp generator. It extends an elliptical field around and someone beyond the ship (about 30 meters beyond the ship). The field has two layers closely space to each other (about an inch separation from each other). On either side of this two layer superluminal field, the Laws of physics are normal. But between the two sheets that make up the field, E = mc2 is blocked. The speed of light as a restriction to FTL travel is no longer operational. This causes all energy entering the field to be converted into velocity, causing the two sheets to slide across each other, superluminally. So, the good news is that I can travel across the galaxy much faster than light. The bad news is that I don’t know how to get it to stop!

Monday, March 2, 2009

Faster than Light (FTL) Physics

Before you can travel faster than light, you have to recognize that you, the earth, everything in the universe, are made of particles that occupy some location in space-time. Beginning with simplicity, there is space (up/down, left/right, and front/back) and there is time. One day, Albert Einstein came along and said the speed of light is the same for all observers and from then on, there was space-time. They called it Relativity.

You, everybody you know, your pet Fluffy, everything in the universe exists on the edge of a four dimension wave front with 3 dimensions of space and one of time. If you like calculus, you could integrate the differential sphere of thickness Δt (the present) from the Big Bang, t = 0, to the present and have your 4 dimensional space-time. The time dimension is a (very similar to) a differential of thickness Δt, which is Planck time. The present spans ½ Planck time, into the past and the future. Within this time, known as the present, all particle-waves, all strings, everything exists. Protons, neutrons, electrons, photons, etc., are like violin strings that span the present from ½ Planck time (into the past) to ½ Planck time (into the future). Now don’t get excited, there just isn’t enough time in there to find out what the lottery numbers are and send them back to the present. The present only spans a time of 10-45 seconds or about a trillionth of a trillionth of a trillionth of a trillionth of a nanosecond. For anyone who knows about superstring theory, superstrings stick to d-Branes (Dirchelet membranes) the way children hold the jump rope ends. The superstrings, in this case, act like they are in an infinite potential well that holds the ends of the Superstring. All particle-strings in held within space-time this way. If they were not, they might slip off of this space time and end up on some other space time.

Why do we need to know all this stuff about space-time to go FTL (faster than light)? One of the ways to travel faster than light is to use an Alcubierre warp drive. The Mexican physicist, Miguel Alcubierre, worked out the Relativistic details of how to get a spaceship to travel faster than light, inside of warp bubble. Star Trek, the television series, picked up the idea. By expanding space-time behind you, and contracting it in front of you, you will travel, safely within a warp bubble, faster than light speed.

So, you might ask, why don’t we just do that? The answer is: we only know how to warp space using black holes and naked singularities which are not readily available and they can gravitationally suck you inside the event horizon. In addition, you also need exotic particles which are not available. We need to find another way to warp space-time.

Creating Micro-verses
Creating micro-verses is a little bit like creating whole universes with Big Bangs; but with much lower energies; and the radius has to be kept constant and stable. The aliens have them as part of their FTL drive system; it’s like an empty balloon in hyperspace that is waiting to be filled with air. This “air” is really the background energy in free space also known as the cosmological constant, G, Einstein’s Field equations. Albert Einstein ones remarked that adding the cosmological constant was the biggest mistake of his career. He thought that the universe was stable because of a balanced cosmological constant. Of course, our universe has been expanding since the Big Bang. Maybe Einstein was also consulting the aliens.

The idea is, when the micro-verse fills energy, it expands, at the speed of light, into a sphere around the spacecraft. An interesting feature about microverses is that they can be rotated around a mysterious dimension called Zeta, ζ. Consider the following riddle. Two objects physically exist, but not to each other; they pass right through each other and never touch. How is this possible? Zeta is the contact angle. The contact angle for everything in the physical universe, accept for Dark matter and Dark energy, is zero degrees. At 90 and 270 degrees Zeta angular separation, two object, two universes, etc., will pass through each. At 180 degrees, some of the physics pick up a minus sign. At other angles, unpleasant things happen. Go rent the Philadelphia Experiment; this movie was inspired by an accident that occurred involving top secret experimentation by the American government with a captured UFO/flying saucer. Moral of the story: don’t stand too close to a flying saucer when they start up their engines. This brings me to another FTL method. By the way, Zeta is actual two orthogonal (perpendicular) angles ζ1 and ζ2.

The idea is to generate 3 cylindrical micro-verse that spin along ζ1. There is always a “contact” surface volume with the physical universe that acts like friction surface. In typical Newtonian mechanics, an object moves with some velocity and has some mass. In the case, the three contact points don’t move that way. They’re like micro-verse tires. The point of contact is always changing. The friction properties occur as a continuous energy cost of creating contact between the micro-verse and the physical universe, and then removing it again.

ω1=∂ζ/∂t, is a Calculus way of saying that ω is the rate of rotation; micro-verses can be rotated at an energy cost of E = Hω. The micro-verse rotation is linear and unlimited. If you have plenty of power, you can tumble your way to Alpha Centuri in 20 minutes. There are some problems with energy loss as cosmic radiation. But this can be minimized with by creating special harmonic patterns on the surface of the tumbling micro-verses resembling “tread”

The friction point is actually the physical universe’s Planck time region coming into contact with the micro-verse’s surface. There is nothing inside of these micro-verses and time stands still.

On a side note, steady travel must be designed into the system using Control Systems techniques. For whatever reason, if the faster than light travel became unstable, unpredictable tumbling could occur. It is even possible to become lost in the past or the future. But if you do, you won’t be able to change anything in the past or get special information in the future. The reason is that there is not material substance, no particles or strings in the past or the future. You would be floating around in the “nothingness”. If the micro-verse bubble powers down while you’re in the “nothingness”, the material substance of you and your space ship will be damped out in the infinite potential barrier. You, your spaceship, and the information associated with your physical existence in space-time will be lost. Don’t turn off your micro-verse fields.